Research on the foundation and current situation of China-Latin America cooperation

Cómo citar

Hanqi, L. (2023). Research on the foundation and current situation of China-Latin America cooperation. Ibero-América Studies, 5(1), 116–127.


China’s foreign policy has exerted some influence on the development of Latin America cooperatively as communication between the two sides deepens. This paper first analyzes the foundations of China-Latin America cooperation from internal and external factors. The internal factors mainly refer to China and Latin America’s willingness and choice tendency. External ones are considered from factors outside the two sides, such as the extra-regional country and historical factors. Secondly, this essay will detailedly illustrate their overall cooperation through four fields: economics, politics, culture, and the new development model - green development, which are also the essential manifestations of China’s foreign policy in affecting international politics in Latin America. Lastly, this essay will have a concise conclusion: China interacts with Latin American countries through cooperation, which also means that cooperation is the main form of interaction and the core of China’s foreign policy towards Latin America.

Palabras clave

China-LAC relations, comprehensive cooperation, green development


Cornejo, R., & Lan, B. (2015). China in Latin America from a Perspective of Cultural Relationship. Journal of Jiangsu Normal University (Philosophy and Sciences Edition), 6, pp. 14-20.

Comunidad de Estudios Chinos y Latinoamericanos (CECLA-INCAE). (2017). A Survey Report on Employment and Mobility of Spanish Talents in China. Beijing.

Chen, M. (2011). China-Latin America Relations: Long-term Prosperity or Flash in the Pan. Quarterly Journal of International Politics, (2), pp. 73-106.

Cui, S., & Xu, H. (2018). The Role of Latin American Chinese in Building Sino-Latin American Community of Shared Destiny. Journal of Latin American Studies, 40(01), pp. 36-55+155.

Das, S. (2016). How Important Is Latin America on China’s Foreign Policy Agenda? The Diplomat, 16.

De Ávila, M. E. B., Insanally, R., Trevisan, C., & Marti, B. (2022). US-China vaccine diplomacy: Lessons from Latin America and the Caribbean. Atlantic Council, the Adrienne Arsht Latin America Center (AALAC).

Ferroni, M. A., & Mody, A. (2002). International public goods: incentives, measurement, and financing. Washington, DC: World Bank Publications.

Gallagher, K., & Porzecanski, R. (2010). The Dragon in the Room: China and the Future of Latin American Industrialization. Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press.

Gallagher, K. P. (2016). “Trump Builds Walls, Xi Builds Bridges in LatAm”. Financial Times. Available at: (Accessed: 2 September 2022).

Guo, C. (2017). China’s Policy toward LAC and the Practice since the 18th CPC National Congress. Journal of Latin American Studies, 39(2), pp. 1-17.

Guo, C. (2018). Dialogue Between Chinese and LAC Civilizations: Goals, Means, and Mechanism. Journal of Latin American Studies, 40(04), pp. 1-18.

Hsiang, A. (2017). Trump Makes China Great in Latin America. The Diplomatic. Available at: (Accessed: 17 October 2022).

Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) & Deep Decarbonization Pathways for Latin America and the Caribbean (DDPLAC). (2019). Getting to Net-Zero Emissions: Lessons from Latin America and the Caribbean. Banco Interamericano de Desarrollo y Deep Decarbonization Pathways for Latin America and the Caribbean, Washington, DC.

Jiang, S. (2013). Five Questions and Answers about China-Latin America Relationship. Journal of Latin American Studies, 35(5), pp. 3-9.

Jiang, S. (2018). Approaches to Building the China-Latin America Community with a Shared Future. International Studies, 2, pp. 30-42.

Koop, F. (2020). Latin America Needs a Green Stimulus. Will it come from China? Diálogo Chino, 6.

Kurlantzick, J. (2007). Charm Offensive: How China’s Soft Power is Transforming the World. New Haven: Yale University Press.

Li, X. (2018). The Belt and Road Initiative: Regionalism or Multilateralism? World Economics and Politics, 3, pp. 34-46; 156.

Liu, Y., Cui, Y., & Xiao, X. (2019). Why does China pursue “partnership without alignment” in its diplomacy? Available at: (Accessed: 20 October 2022)

Lv, Y., 2018. Extending One Belt and One Road Initiative to Latin America: Opportunities and Challenges. Journal of Hebei University (Philosophy and Social Science), 43(02), pp. 138-145.

Meng, X. (2017). A Comparative Study of Ecological Thought Between Chinese Civilization and Latin American Civilization. Journal of Ningxia University (Humanities & Social Sciences Edition), 39(04), pp. 135-141.

Ministry of Commerce of the People’s Republic of China (MOFCOM). (2022). Argentina’s Participation in the Belt and Road Initiative Provides a Positive Sample of Latin American Economies. Available at: (Accessed: 17 October 2022)

Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the People’s Republic of China (MFAPRC). (2022). Report to the 20th National Congress of the Communist Party of China: Hold High the Great Banner of Socialism with Chinese Characteristics and Strive in Unity to Build a Modern Socialist Country in All Respects. Available at: (Accessed: 25 October 2022)

Mulder, N. (2013). “Latin America’s Entry in the Global Offshore Services Industry”. International Trade and Development Division, ECLAC: Geneva.

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). (2020). COVID-19 in Latin America and the Caribbean: Regional Socio-economic Implications and Policy Priorities. OECD Publishing.

REVE. (2018). Chile, China-Funded Wind Farm Boosts Clean Wind Energy. Available at: (Accessed: 23 October 2022)

Rosales, O., & Kuwayama, M. (2012). China and Latin America and the Caribbean: Building a Strategic Economic and Trade Relationship. ECLAC: Santiago.

Roy, D. (2022). China’s Growing Influence in Latin America. Council on Foreign Relations (CFR). Available at: (Accessed: 26 October 2022)

Stuenkel, O. (2020). Trump Drove Latin America into China’s Arms Biden Has a Chance to Wrest it Back. Foreign Affairs. New York, 13.

Sullivan, Mark P., & Lum, Thomas. (2022). China’s Engagement with Latin America and the Caribbean. Congressional Research Service (CRS).

Sun, H. (2014). The Origin, Events, and Influence of China’s Non-governmental Diplomacy in Latin America. Journal of Latin American Studies, 36(3), pp. 14-19.

teleSUR. (2021). Argentina Builds the World’s Southernmost Hydroelectric Dams. Available at: (Accessed: 26 October 2022)

Tang, S. (2022). Can China Contribute to Climate Action in Latin America? International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD). Available at: (Accessed: 26 October 2022)

The Central People’s Government of the People’s Republic of China (GOC). (2008). Available at: (Accessed: 22 September 2022).

United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO). (2017). Development of Sustainable Industrial Parks in Latin America & Caribbean - Expert Group Meeting Report. UNIDO.

United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO). (2019). UNIDO Annual Report 2018. UNIDO.

Wang, H. (2021). Warmer Ties With Latin America Under Biden? “Control and Anti-control” Will Remain the Main Axis. China Institute of International Studies. Available at: (Accessed: 17 October 2022).

Wang, P. (2017). China-Latin America Relations: Forge Ahead in an Era of Uncertainty. Contemporary World, 4, pp. 64-66.

Wang, Y. (2003). Relations between Overseas Investment and Trade. Finance & Trade Economics, 01, pp. 80-85.

Wintgens, S. (2022). China’s Footprint in Latin America. European Union Institute for Security Studies (EUISS).

Yu, S., & Li, G. (2022). Traditional Problem and Emergency: The Twin Dilemmas of the Biden Administration’s Latin American Policy. Center For International Security and Strategy Tsinghua University (CISS). Available at: (Accessed: 17 October 2022).

Zhang, F. et al. (2022). China and Latin America: Cultural and Educational Exchanges from the Perspective of Soft Power. Blossom Press.

Creative Commons License

Esta obra está bajo una licencia internacional Creative Commons Atribución-NoComercial 4.0.

Derechos de autor 2023 Ibero-América Studies